R-CHOP | Cancer information | Cancer Research UK (2023)

R-CHOP isa cancer drug combination. It includes the drugs we list below, next to each drug, we have how you pronounce the drug name in brackets.

  • R – rituximab (ri-tuk-si-mab)
  • C – cyclophosphamide (sye-cloh-foss-fah-mide )
  • H – doxorubicin (doks-oh-roo-bi-sin)
  • O – vincristine (which used to be called Oncovin) – (vin-kris-teen)
  • P – prednisolone (a steroid) – (pred-ni-suh-lown)

It is a treatment for:

  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • the advanced form of a rare type of Hodgkin lymphoma called nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL)
  • Read more about lymphoma

How does R-CHOP work?

Rituximab is a type of targeted cancer drug called amonoclonal antibody R-CHOP | Cancer information | Cancer Research UK (1).It targets a protein called CD20 on the surface of the lymphoma cells. Rituximab sticks to all the CD20 proteins it finds. Then the cells of the immune system pick out the marked cells and kill them.

Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and vincristine are chemotherapy drugs. These drugs destroy quickly dividing cells, such as cancer cells.

Prednisolone is a type of steroid. It treats lymphoma by stopping the cancer cells growing and killing them. It may also help you feel less sick during treatment. And help reduce your body’s immune response, to try and prevent an allergic reaction to rituximab.

How do you have R-CHOP?

You take prednisolone as tablets. You swallow the tablets whole after a meal, or with milk, as they can irritate your stomach. It is best to take them after breakfast.

You usually have all the other drugs into your bloodstream (intravenously).

Taking your tablets

You must take tablets according to the instructions your doctor or pharmacist gives you.

Speak to your pharmacist if you have problems swallowing the tablets.

Whetheryou have a full or an empty stomach can affect how much of a drug gets into your bloodstream.

You should take the right dose, no moreor less.

Talk to your healthcare team before you stop taking or miss a dose of a cancer drug.

Into your bloodstream

You might have treatment through a long plastic tubethat goesinto a large vein in your chest. The tube stays in place throughout the course of treatment. This can be a:

  • central line
  • PICC line
  • portacath
  • Read more about injections and drips

How often do you have R-CHOP?

You usually have R-CHOP ascycles of treatment. This means that you have the drugs and then a rest to allow your body to recover.

You can have R-CHOP over 14 days (2 weeks) or 21 days (3 weeks), but the 3 week cycle is usually used. The number of cycles you have depends on your cancer type. Your doctor or nurse will tell you more about this.

Older people may have a lower dose regime. This is also called mini CHOP.

Rituximab can cause an allergic reaction. So before each dose you have paracetamol, a steroid and an antihistamine drug such as chlorphenamine (Piriton).

For the first cycle of rituximab, you have it as a drip into your bloodstream slowly over a few hours. This is to prevent an allergic reaction. Your nurse will increase how fast it goes in (rate) approximately every 30 minutes if you have no allergic reaction.

Your next rituximab drip will usually go in quicker, but this will depend on how you got on with the first cycle.

21 day (3 weeks) cycle

A cycle of R-CHOP over 3 weeks looks like:

Day 1

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  • You have prednisolone as tablets 30 minutes before rituximab.
  • You have rituximab as a drip (infusion) into your bloodstream over a few hours.
  • You have cyclophosphamide as a drip into your bloodstream as a slow injection or over about 30 minutes.
  • You have doxorubicin as a drip into your bloodstream as a slow injection or over about 30 minutes.
  • You have vincristine as a drip into your bloodstream over about 10 minutes.

Day 2 to 5

  • You have prednisolone as tablets in the morning.

Day 6 to 21

  • You have no treatment.

You then start the next cycle of treatment.


You have blood tests before and during yourtreatment. They check your levels of blood cells and other substances in the blood. They also check how well your liver and kidneys are working.

Before treatment starts, you have a blood test to check for viruses such as Hepatitis B infection or Cytomegalovirus (CMV). This is because infection with these viruses can become active again if you’ve had them in the past.

You may also have tests to check how well your heart works.

What are the side effects of R-CHOP?

How often and how severe the side effects are can vary from person to person. They also depend on what othertreatments you're having. For example, your side effects could be worse if you're also having other drugsor radiotherapy.

When to contact your team

Your doctor,nurse or pharmacist will go through the possible side effects. They will monitor you during treatment and check how you are at your appointments. Contact your advice line as soon as possible if:

  • you have severe side effects
  • your side effects aren’t getting any better
  • your side effects are getting worse

Early treatment can help manage side effects better.

Contact your advice line immediately if you have signs of infection, including a temperature above 37.5C or below 36C.

We haven't listed all the side effects here. Remember it is very unlikely that you will have all of these side effects, but you might have some of them at the same time.

Common side effects

These side effects happen in more than 10 in 100 people (more than 10%). You might have one or more of them. They include:

Increased risk of infection

Increased risk of getting an infectionis due to a drop in white blood cells. Symptoms include a change in temperature, aching muscles, headaches, feeling cold and shivery and generally unwell. You might have other symptoms depending on where the infection is.

Infections can sometimes be life threatening. You should contact youradvice line urgently if you think you have an infection.


You might be breathlessand lookpale due to a drop in red blood cells. This is calledanaemia.

Bruising and bleeding

This is due to a drop in thenumber ofplatelets in your blood. These blood cells help the blood to clot when we cut ourselves. You may have nosebleeds or bleeding gums after brushing your teeth. Or you may have lots of tiny red spots or bruises on your arms or legs (known as petechiae).

Allergic reaction

A reaction may happen during the infusion. Symptoms can include a skin rash, itching, swelling of the lips, face or throat, breathing difficulties, fever and chills. Your nurse will give you medicines beforehand to try to prevent a reaction.

Tell your doctor or nurse immediatelyif at any time you feel unwell.They will slow or stop your drip for a while andgive you medicine to help relieve your symptoms.

Tumour lysis syndrome

This is when you have changes to the levels of substances in your blood, due to the breakdown of cancer cells. It usually happens when you first start treatment, but you have regular blood tests to check for this.

You may need a drip with fluid and medicines such as allopurinol or rasburicase. This is to help prevent kidney damage and other side effects such as changes in your hearts rhythm and seizures (fits).

If you are at risk of developing tumour lysis syndrome you will have close monitoring when you first start treatment.

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General swelling

A build up of fluid may cause swelling in your arms, hands, ankles, legs, face and other parts of the body.

Rarely you might have fluid building up in the lungs. This can make it difficult to breathe and to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream.

Contact your healthcare team if this happens to you.

Feeling or being sick

Feeling or being sickis usually well controlled with anti sickness medicines. Avoiding fatty or fried foods, eating small meals and snacks, drinking plenty of water, and relaxation techniquescan allhelp.

It is important to take anti sickness medicines as prescribed even if you don’t feel sick. It is easier to prevent sickness rather than treating it once it has started.

Skin and nail changes

You may notice changes in your skin, such as dryness, itching, rashes, reddening and it might also be more sensitive to sunlight. You may also notice nail changes such as them separating from their nail beds.

Less commonly, you might have darkened nails or skin or hives. If you’ve had radiotherapy in the past, the area might get sore and inflamed.

If your skin gets dry or itchy, applying an unperfumed moisturising cream may help. Check with your healthcare team before using any creams or lotions. Wear a high factor sunblock if you’re going out in the sun.

Hair loss

You could lose all your hair. This includes your eyelashes, eyebrows, underarm, leg and sometimes pubic hair.Your hair will usually grow back once treatment has finished butit is likely to be softer. It may grow backa different colour or be curlier than before.

Inflammation of the bladder

You might feel that you have to pass urine more often than usual or find it difficult to pass urine. And you may have a burning feeling when you do. Or you might feel that you can't wait when you need to go. This is called cystitis.

It helps to drink plenty of fluids. Don't take any over the counter medicines for cystitis. Contact your advice line instead.

Tell your healthcare team if you have soreness. They can prescribe medicines to help.

Less commonly, you might have blood in your urine.

Tiredness and weakness (fatigue)

You might feel very tired and as though you lack energy.

Various things can help you to reduce tiredness and cope with it,for exampleexercise. Some research has shown that taking gentle exercise can give you more energy. It is important to balance exercise with resting.


Tell your healthcare team if you keep gettingheadaches. They can give you painkillers to help.

A sore mouth and inflammation of the digestive system

You might get a soremouth and mouth ulcers.It may be painful to swallow drinks or food. You will have mouth washes to keep your mouth healthy.

You can have painkillers to reduce the soreness. Take them half an hour before meals to make eating easier.

Less commonly, you might have inflammation of the food pipe (oesophagus), tummy (abdominal) pain or a burning feeling in your tummy.

  • Find out about mouth care


Contact your advice line if you have diarrhoea, such as if you've had 4 or more loose watery poos (stools) in 24 hours. Or ifyou can't drink to replace the lost fluid. Orif it carries on for more than 3 days.

Your doctor may give you anti diarrhoea medicine to take home with you after treatment. Eat less fibre, avoid raw fruits, fruit juice, cereals and vegetables, and drink plentyto replace the fluid lost.

Rarely, you might have bloody diarrhoea with cramping and a fever due to an infection of the colon. Contact your healthcare team straight away if you have this.


Constipation is easier to sort out if you treat it early. Drink plenty of fluids and eat as much fresh fruit and vegetables as you can. Try to take gentle exercise, such as walking. Tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist if you are constipated for more than 3 days. They can prescribe a laxative.

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Soreness, redness and peeling on palms and soles of feet

The skin on your hands and feet may become sore, red, or may peel. You may also have tingling, numbness, pain and dryness. This is called hand-foot syndrome or palmar plantar syndrome.

Moisturiseyour skin regularly. Your healthcare team will tell you what moisturiserto use.

Heart changes

You might have changes to how your heart works, such as your heart rhythm - a heart trace (ECG) might pick this up. Or, your heart might also be less able to pump blood around the body.

Occasionally this treatment can cause a heart attack. Symptoms include an overwhelming pain in the chest that might feel heavy, tight or as through its squeezing the chest. Other symptoms of a heart attack include feeling lightheaded, dizzy, pain in different parts of the body, sweating or anxious.

Rarely, you might have a thickened, stiff or stretched heart muscle. Or you might develop inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis) or the thin layers of tissue around the heart (pericarditis). This can cause chest pain or shortness of breath.

Dial 999 for the emergency services or contact your healthcare team straight away if you have any of these symptoms.

Liver changes

You might haveliver changesthat are usually mild and unlikely to cause symptoms. They usually go back to normal when treatmentfinishes.

Rarely, you might get inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), blocking of the veins taking blood to the liver or an enlarged liver.

You have regular blood tests to check for any changes in the way your liver is working.

Weight changes

You may gain weight while having this treatment. You may be able to control it with diet and exercise. Tell your healthcare team if you are finding it difficult to control your weight.

Less commonly, you might lose weight.

Nerve changes

Numbness or tingling in fingers or toescan be temporary or persistent. It can improve after youfinish treatment.

Some people have nerve pain. It is also called neuropathic pain. It can feel like a burning, shooting or tingling pain, or a feeling of crawling under their skin.

You may also have difficulty walking or changes to the way you walk. This can be caused by uncontrolled body movements or weak muscles.

Tell your healthcare team if you're finding it difficult to walk, feel, complete fiddly tasks such as doing up buttons or if you have nerve pain.

Red or pink urine

This won't harm you. It’s due to the colour of the chemotherapy and lasts for one or two days.

Changes to your veins

You might have inflammation of a vein caused by a blood clot in the vein.

Blood clots can develop in the deep veins of your body, usually the leg. This is called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). A blood clot can be very serious if it travels to your lungs (pulmonary embolism), although this isn’t common.

Symptoms of a blood clotinclude:

• pain, redness and swelling around the area where the clot is and may feel warm to touch
• breathlessness
• pain in your chest or upper back – dial 999 if you have chest pain
• coughing up blood

Tell your doctor immediately or go to A&E if you have any symptoms of a blood clot.

Occasional side effects

These side effects happen in between 1 and 10 out of every 100 people (between 1 and 10%). You might have one or more of them. They include:

  • changes to your blood sugar levels (hyperglycaemia). Symptoms might include feeling very thirsty, a dry mouth, passing urine very often, feeling tired, blurred vision, weight loss, feeling or being sick, and fruity smelling breath
  • high levels of a substance (enzyme) called LDH in the blood. You will have blood tests to check this
  • low calcium levels in the blood causing symptoms such as painful muscle spasms and cramps twitching of muscles, numbness or tingling in feet and hands or around the mouth
  • feeling agitated or anxious, rarely a previous mental health problem might be triggered. Or you might feel depressed or have an elevated mood and energy (mania)
  • difficulty falling or staying asleep (insomnia)
  • low blood pressure that can cause you to feel lightheaded or dizzy, sometimes this can happen when you stand up from sitting or lying down (orthostatic hypotension)
  • high blood pressure that might cause headaches, confusion, vision problems or chest pain
  • lung changes such as tightening of the muscles that lines the airway (bronchospasm), chest pain or coughing. Rarely you might have asthma or scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs - making it difficult to breath and getting enough oxygen into the bloodstream
  • a blocked, runny or itchy nose, or sneezing
  • eye changes such as dry or watery eyes or red, sore, itchy eyes (conjunctivitis). Rarely you might have a cloudy area in the lens of the eye (cataract) or damage of the eye nerve (glaucoma) causing vision changes, or loss of vision
  • ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus) or ear pain. Rarely, you might have deafness which can be partial or total. This can be temporary or permanent
  • indigestion symptoms include heartburn, bloating, and burping
  • difficulty swallowing
  • throat irritation
  • sweating and, or night sweats
  • tense or tight muscles
  • a general feeling of discomfort
  • flushing - sudden reddening and warmth of the neck, upper chest and face
  • several body parts (organs) stopping working
  • low levels of adrenal hormones causing symptoms such as weight loss, loss of appetite weakness, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure
  • Cushing-like symptoms such as a red and puffy face
  • changes to the levels of substances in the blood such as low potassium and high sodium, rarely you might have low levels of sodium
  • a loss of fat and muscle in the body
  • weakened bones that are fragile and more likely to break (osteoporosis)
  • wounds taking long to heal
  • flaring up of previous hepatitis B infection – an infection of the liver caused by a virus
  • a loss of appetite, rarely you might have taste changes

Rare side effects

These side effects happen in fewer than 1 in 100 people (less than 1%). You might have one or more of them. They include:

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  • swollen lymph nodes
  • low levels of female sex hormones
  • inflammation of your blood vessels – symptoms can vary depending on which blood vessels are affected - general symptoms include feeling very tired, loss of appetite, weight loss, a high temperature, and aches and pains
  • a condition affecting part of the brain causing clumsiness, weakness, or difficulty speaking or thinking
  • a tear in the bowel wall (perforation) – contact your doctor immediately if you have a painful and a firm, bloated tummy
  • Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis - a severe skin reaction that may start as tender red patches which leads to peeling or blistering of the skin. You might also feel feverish, and your eyes may be more sensitive to light. This is serious and could be life threatening
  • kidneys stopping working or a condition where the small blood vessels in your kidneys become damaged and inflamed – you will have tests to check how well your kidneys work
  • an excessive uncontrolled release of a hormone called antidiuretic hormone (ADH) causing sickness, loss of appetite, sore muscles and weakness
  • small blood clots developing throughout the bloodstream, blocking small blood vessels (disseminated intravascular coagulation)
  • not having enough fluid in your body (dehydration)
  • seizures (fits)
  • changes to how the blood clots – too little clotting causing bleeding or too much clotting causing blood clots
  • a type of anaemia called aplastic anaemia where the bone marrow no longer is able to make red blood cells – your doctor will tell you more about how it will be treated
  • a condition called cytokine release syndrome – when your immune system makes a large amount of cytokines R-CHOP | Cancer information | Cancer Research UK (2). Symptoms include fever, chills, a headache, difficulty breathing, and dizziness
  • second cancers such as acute lymphocytic leukaemia or acute myeloid leukaemia
  • a hole in the stomach or bleeding in the digestive system – contact your doctor or nurse immediately if you have dark, smelly stools
  • redness and swelling may develop at site of injection – tell your nurse or doctor straight away if this happens

Other side effects

There isn't enough information to work out how often these side effects might happen. You might have one or more of them. They include:

  • a condition where your bowel temporarily stops working
  • inflammation of the brain causing a headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, confusion and seizures (fits)
  • a life threatening condition that happens when taking prednisolone, symptoms include a high blood pressure, heart failure, a fast heartbeat, headaches, and tummy or chest pain
  • the build up of acid in the body (metabolic acidosis)
  • suicidal thoughts or a change in mental health such as losing touch with reality (delusions and hallucinations)

Coping with side effects

We have more information about side effects and tips on how to cope with them.

  • Read more about how to cope with side effects

What else do I need to know?

Other medicines, foods and drink

Cancer drugs can interact with other medicines, herbal products, drinks and food. We are unable to list all the possible interactions that may happen. An example is grapefruit or grapefruit juice which can increase the side effects if you have it with some drugs.

Tell your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about any medicines you are taking. This includes vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter remedies.

Loss of fertility

You may not be able to become pregnant or father a child after treatment with thesedrugs. Talk to your doctor before starting treatment if you think you may want to have a baby in the future.

Men might be able tostore spermbefore starting treatment. And women might be able to store eggs or ovarian tissue. But these services are not available in every hospital, so you would need to ask your doctor about this.

Pregnancy and contraception

This treatment may harm a baby developing in the womb. It is important not to become pregnant or father a child while you are having treatment.

Women must not become pregnant for at least a yearafter the end of treatment. Men should not father a child for at least 6 months after treatment.

Talk to your doctor or nurse about effective contraception before starting treatment.Let them know straight away if you or your partner falls pregnant while having treatment.


Don’t breastfeed during this treatment and for 12 months afterwards. The drug may come through in the breast milk.

Treatment for other conditions

Always tell other doctors, nurses, pharmacists or dentists that you’re having this treatment if you need treatment for anything else, including teeth problems.


Don’t have immunisations with live vaccines while you’re having treatment and for up to 12 months afterwards. The length of time depends on the treatment you are having. Ask your doctor or pharmacisthow long you should avoid live vaccinations.

In the UK, live vaccines includerubella, mumps, measles, BCG, yellow fever and one of the shingles vaccines called Zostavax.

You can have:

  • other vaccines, but they might not give you as much protection as usual
  • the flu vaccine (as an injection)
  • the coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccine - talk to your doctor or pharmacist about the best time to have it in relation to your cancer treatment

Members of your household who are aged 5 years or over are also able to have the COVID-19 vaccine. This is to help lower your risk of getting COVID-19 while having cancer treatment and until your immune system R-CHOP | Cancer information | Cancer Research UK (3) recovers from treatment.

  • Find out more about the COVID-19 vaccine and cancer

Contact with others who have had immunisations-You can be in contact with other people who have had live vaccines as injections. Avoid close contact with people who have recently had live vaccines taken by mouth (oral vaccines) such as the oral typhoid vaccine. Sometimes people who have had the live shingles vaccine can get a shingles type rash. If this happens they should keep the area covered.

If your immune system is severely weakened, you should avoid contact with children who have had the flu vaccine as a nasal spray as this is a live vaccine. This is for 2 weeks following their vaccination.

Babies have the live rotavirus vaccine. The virus is in the baby’s poo for about 2 weeks and could make you ill if your immunity is low. Get someone else to changetheir nappies during this time if you can. If this isn't possible, wash your hands well after changing their nappy.

More information about this treatment

For further information about this treatment go to the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC)website.

You can report any side effect you have to the Medicines Health and Regulatory Authority (MHRA) as part of their Yellow Card Scheme.


What is the best UK cancer charity to donate to? ›

Cancer Research UK

It's one of the largest cancer charities in the UK. The work it does includes: Funding research into how cancer can be prevented, diagnosed and treated. Supporting the crucial work of scientists, doctors and nurses.

Is R-CHOP chemotherapy successful? ›

For most patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), R-CHOP immunochemotherapy leads to complete remission and 60–70% of patients remain progression-free after 5 years.

How toxic is R-CHOP? ›

No long-term toxicity appeared to be associated with the R-CHOP combination. Using the combination of R-CHOP leads to significant improvement of the outcome of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with significant survival benefit maintained during a 5-year follow-up.

How many times can you have R-CHOP? ›

Usually, you receive an R-CHOP dose every 21 days. Depending on your cancer and your overall health, you may get more frequent doses, once every 14 days. On average, people receive six cycles in a row. You may have as many as eight or as few as three.

What is the biggest cancer charity in the UK? ›

Cancer Research UK is the world's largest independent cancer research charity, and the single biggest charitable funder of research at The Institute of Cancer Research.

Which hospital is the best for cancer treatment in UK? ›

Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

The Royal Marsden is ranked in the top five cancer centres globally and treats around 60,000 patients annually. Royal Marsden has dedicated treatment units for all cancer types and paediatric speciality services.

What are the long term side effects of R-CHOP chemotherapy? ›

Chemotherapy may cause the following long-term side effects:
  • Bone conditions. Chemotherapy drugs may contribute to bone conditions, including osteoporosis, a thinning of the bones. ...
  • Heart-related conditions. ...
  • Lung conditions. ...
  • Cognitive problems. ...
  • Mental health conditions. ...
  • Hair loss. ...
  • Fatigue. ...
  • Endocrine symptoms.
Sep 21, 2021

How long are you immunocompromised after R-CHOP? ›

Conclusion. The immunosuppressive effect of R-CHOP in newly diagnosed cases of B-cell lymphoma tends to persist for >2 years, although sIgG levels were restored more quickly than CD4+ cell counts.

What happens if R-CHOP doesnt work? ›

Among patients for whom R-CHOP therapy fails, 20% suffer from primary refractory disease (progress during or right after treatment) whereas 30% relapse after achieving complete remission (CR).

Does CHOP chemo cause hair loss? ›

Your hair will get thinner. Or you may lose all the hair from your head. You may also lose your eyelashes and eyebrows, as well as other body hair. Hair loss usually starts after your first or second treatment.

Can R-CHOP cause heart problems? ›

Heart failure is a common complication of therapy with R-CHOP or CHOP in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and cardiac monitoring is necessary to ensure adequate detection and management.

How long has R-CHOP been around? ›

R-CHOP has been the standard of care for the treatment of DLBCL since 2006 based on the results of the MInT trial1 and on results in durable remissions in approximately 65 percent of patients.

What happens after first R-CHOP treatment? ›

Each patient reacts differently to treatment, but some common side effects of R-CHOP include:
  • Fatigue.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Weight loss.
  • Bruising and bleeding.
  • Anemia.
  • Raised risk of infection.
  • Skin rashes and itching.

What type of lymphoma is not curable? ›

Follicular lymphoma is usually not considered to be curable, instead categorized as more of a chronic disease. Patients can live for many years with this form of lymphoma.

Why do you take prednisone with R-CHOP? ›

Prednisolone is a type of steroid. It treats lymphoma by stopping the cancer cells growing and killing them. It may also help you feel less sick during treatment. And help reduce your body's immune response, to try and prevent an allergic reaction to rituximab.

What is the best cancer foundation to donate to? ›

The LIVESTRONG Foundation, American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), American Cancer Society (ACS), and the Cancer Research Institute (CRI) are among the top leading organizations and charities supporting cancer research. Each organization has a unique history, mission, vision, and values.

Which UK charities give the most to their cause? ›

  • 1 Macmillan Cancer Support85%
  • 2 Guide Dogs83%
  • 3 British Heart Foundation83%
  • 4 Cancer Research UK81%
  • 5 Great Ormond Street Hospital80%
  • 6 Alzheimer's Society79%
  • St. John Ambulance77%
  • 8 Marie Curie77%

What is the salary of the CEO of Cancer Research UK? ›


What is the best cancer treatment center in America? ›

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has maintained its status as #1 in the nation for cancer care for 2022. Since the survey's inception in 1990, the institution has been recognized as one of the nation's top cancer hospitals and internationally known for its pediatric cancer specialists.

Who is the top oncologist in the UK? ›

Medical oncologists of Top Doctors UK
  • Dr Menon , Rajesh. Pain medicine.
  • Mr Agarwal, Tushar. Colorectal surgery.
  • Mr Budair, Basil. Orthopaedic surgery.
  • Mr Spencer, Cheka. Otolaryngology / ENT.
  • Mr Kessaris, Nicos. Nephrology.

What city has the best cancer doctors? ›

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston earned the No. 1 spot on U.S. News & World Report's 2022-23 Best Hospitals for Cancer ranking released July 26.

What is the most life threatening side effect of chemotherapy? ›

Shortness of breath or trouble breathing (If you're having trouble breathing call 911 first.)

Does your body ever fully recover from chemotherapy? ›

A return to normalcy is typical, but it takes a while – usually six months or so. “All who have done chemo do finally get back to normal,” Patricia said. “Treatment for breast cancer can take a whole year, but six months after it ends, life comes back – incisions heal, hair grows back, chemo brain fog lifts.”

Can you stay on chemo for life? ›

Sometimes, cancer treatment can go on for an extended period of time. Many people receive cancer treatment for months, years, or even the rest of their lives.

Does chemo leave you permanently immunocompromised? ›

Now, new research suggests that the effects of chemotherapy can compromise part of the immune system for up to nine months after treatment, leaving patients vulnerable to infections – at least when it comes to early-stage breast cancer patients who've been treated with a certain type of chemotherapy.

Are you permanently immunocompromised after chemo? ›

Treatment can last for anywhere from 3 to 6 months. During that time, you would be considered to be immunocompromised — not as able to fight infection. After finishing chemotherapy treatment, it can take anywhere from about 21 to 28 days for your immune system to recover.

What foods boost immune system during chemo? ›

10 Foods to Eat During Chemotherapy
  • Oatmeal. Oatmeal provides numerous nutrients that can help your body during chemo. ...
  • Avocado. ...
  • Eggs. ...
  • Broth. ...
  • Almonds and other nuts. ...
  • Pumpkin seeds. ...
  • Broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables. ...
  • Homemade smoothies.
Dec 9, 2019

Can you live a long life after lymphoma? ›

The overall 5-year relative survival rate for people with NHL is 73%. But it's important to keep in mind that survival rates can vary widely for different types and stages of lymphoma.
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
SEER Stage5-Year Relative Survival Rate
All SEER stages combined64%
1 more row
Mar 2, 2022

Is Stage 4 lymphoma curable? ›

Lymphoma most often spreads to the liver, bone marrow, or lungs. Stage III-IV lymphomas are common, still very treatable, and often curable, depending on the NHL subtype. Stage III and stage IV are now considered a single category because they have the same treatment and prognosis.

What diet is good for lymphoma? ›

Choose foods that are high in protein and energy – such as omelettes, cheese, yoghurts, nut butter, milk-based puddings, bananas and oats. Full-fat products, for example whole milk, full-fat yoghurt, nut butters and avocado provide more energy (calories) than low or reduced fat ones.

Does hair grow back GREY after chemo? ›

Some people also find that their hair grows back gray at first, and then a few months later, it returns to its natural color.

Which chemotherapy does not cause hairloss? ›

No treatment exists that can guarantee your hair won't fall out during or after chemotherapy. Several treatments have been investigated as possible ways to prevent hair loss, but none has been absolutely effective, including: Scalp cooling caps (scalp hypothermia).

What chemo drug causes the most hair loss? ›

Combination chemotherapy regimens, particularly ones that include doxorubicin, docetaxel, paclitaxel, or etoposide are more likely to cause hair loss than chemotherapy with a single drug.

Does R-CHOP cause neuropathy? ›

One of the most common adverse events of R-CHOP and R-CHOP-like regimens (namely R-CVP and R-THP-COP) is VCR-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN). Previous studies have shown that VIPN occurs in 30-40% of patients treated with VCR [5, 6].

How can I protect my heart during chemo? ›

Being as fit and as well as possible before you start chemo is important. You can help yourself by eating well, being active, and making sure your blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled, as well as diabetes if you have it. For most people, that means taking your medicines as prescribed.

How fast does B-cell lymphoma spread? ›

Symptoms. Symptoms can start or get worse in just a few weeks. The most common symptom is one or more painless swellings. These swellings can grow very quickly.

How long is CHOP therapy? ›

You have CHOP as cycles of treatment. This means that you have the drug and then a rest to allow your body to recover. Each cycle of treatment usually lasts 21 days (3 weeks). You may have 6 to 8 cycles of treatment in total.

Is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma curable? ›

Low-grade tumours do not necessarily require immediate medical treatment, but are harder to completely cure. High-grade lymphomas need to be treated straight away, but tend to respond much better to treatment and can often be cured.

Does rituximab cause hair loss? ›

Hair loss. Hair loss is a possible side effect of Rituxan. However, in clinical trials, hair loss occurred only in people who took Rituxan for pemphigus vulgaris (PV). PV is a condition in which your skin and mucous membranes develop serious and painful blisters.

Is R-CHOP a strong chemo? ›

Three of the drugs in R-CHOP are powerful cytotoxics, which means they kill cells. One is a type of immunotherapy and the last is a steroid, which has shown to have anticancer effects.

Which is the easiest lymphoma to cure? ›

Hodgkin lymphoma is considered one of the most treatable cancers, with more than 90 percent of patients surviving more than five years. Most patients with Hodgkin lymphoma live long and healthy lives following successful treatment.

What is the newest treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? ›

New Targeted Therapy Treatments for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Monoclonal antibodies, a targeted therapy, uses laboratory-made proteins to treat Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Antibodies attach to a target on cancer cells and either kill them, block their growth, or stop them from spreading.

Why would you not treat lymphoma? ›

You don't start treatment unless the lymphoma begins to cause significant health problems. This approach is called 'active monitoring' or 'active surveillance'. You might also hear it called 'watch and wait': 'watch' because you have regular check-ups (monitoring)

What are the main cancer charities in the UK? ›

Cancer support
  • Blood Cancer UK. The UK's specialist blood cancer charity, providing practical and emotional support to anyone affected by blood cancer. ...
  • Bone Cancer Research Trust. ...
  • Bowel Cancer UK. ...
  • Breast Cancer Care. ...
  • Breast Cancer Haven. ...
  • Cancer Focus Northern Ireland. ...
  • Cancer Research UK. ...
  • Cancer Hair Care.
Aug 3, 2022

What charities give the highest percentage to their cause UK? ›

  • 1 Macmillan Cancer Support85%
  • 2 Guide Dogs83%
  • 3 British Heart Foundation83%
  • 4 Cancer Research UK81%
  • 5 Great Ormond Street Hospital80%
  • 6 Alzheimer's Society79%
  • St. John Ambulance77%
  • 8 Marie Curie77%

What are the queens Favourite charities? ›

From the Dogs Trust to Cancer Research UK, these are the charities the late Queen was patron of...
  • British Veterinary Association. ...
  • Cancer Research UK. ...
  • Dogs Trust. ...
  • Friends of the Elderly. ...
  • Girlguiding. ...
  • Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. ...
  • Mothers' Union. ...
  • Nacro.
Sep 15, 2022

What organizations Should I not donate to? ›

10 Worst Charities to Donate To in 2023 (Avoid Them at any cost)
  • Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)
  • Cancer Fund of America.
  • Operation Lookout National Center for Missing Youth.
  • Committee for Missing Children.
  • Complex Minds UK.
  • Diamond Jym Ranch Inc.
  • A Place to Call Home.
  • The Disabled Veterans National Foundation.
Aug 21, 2022

Is American Cancer Society a good charity to donate to? ›

This charity's score is 82%, earning it a Three-Star rating. If this organization aligns with your passions and values, you can give with confidence. This overall score is calculated entirely from a single beacon score: 100% Accountability & Finance. Learn more about our criteria and methodology.

What is the biggest cancer charity? ›

About your American Cancer Society

We are the only organization working to improve the lives of people with cancer and their families through advocacy, research, and patient support, to ensure everyone has an opportunity to prevent, detect, treat, and survive cancer.

Who is the best oncologist in England? ›

Medical oncologists of Top Doctors UK
  • Mr Agarwal, Tushar. Colorectal surgery.
  • Mr Spencer, Cheka. Otolaryngology / ENT.
  • Mr Kessaris, Nicos. Nephrology.
  • Mr Varad, Kiran. Otolaryngology / ENT.
  • Mr Cartwright, Rufus. Obstetrics & gynaecology.

What is the number one cancer institute in the world? ›

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston earned the No. 1 spot on U.S. News & World Report's 2022-23 Best Hospitals for Cancer ranking released July 26.

What is the best international charity to donate to? ›

These Are the 9 Best Charities for International Aid in 2023
  • Doctors Without Borders.
  • Direct Relief.
  • CARE.
  • Americares.
  • International Rescue Committee.
  • MAP International.
  • Give Directly.
  • Children International.

What celebrity supports the most charities? ›

10 Biggest Celebrity Philanthropists
  • Elton John. The famous singer and composer has been known for his philanthropic efforts since 1986. ...
  • Oprah Winfrey. Oprah is a beloved TV star, to say the least. ...
  • Taylor Swift. ...
  • Barbra Streisand. ...
  • George & Amal Clooney. ...
  • Angelina Jolie. ...
  • Miley Cyrus. ...
  • Chrissy Teigen & John Legend.
Sep 6, 2022

How much does the average UK citizen give to charity? ›

Of people who have given to charity in England, the average amount which people gave in the month prior to being asked was 27 British pounds in 2020/21, compared with 20 pounds in 2014/15.
CharacteristicMean amount given per giver in GBP
4 more rows
Nov 7, 2022

What charities does Meghan Markle support? ›

  • Archewell is the organization founded by The Duke and Duchess of Sussex. ...
  • An impact-driven global nonprofit that puts compassion into action; uplifting and uniting communities locally and globally; online and offline.

What charities does Prince William support? ›

The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge
  • Conservation. The natural world is our most important asset. ...
  • Early Years. ...
  • Mental Health. ...
  • Emergency Responders. ...
  • The Earthshot Prize. ...
  • United for Wildlife Taskforces. ...
  • Heads Together. ...
  • Heads Up.

What charity does Prince Charles support? ›

Over the past few decades, the Prince's Trust has helped hundreds of thousands of disadvantaged young people.


1. Cancer Research UK Manifesto
(Cancer Research UK)
2. What is cancer and how does it start? | Cancer Research UK (2021)
(Cancer Research UK)
3. Cancer Research Trials | Cancer Research UK
(Cancer Research UK)
4. Creating virtual reality maps of tumours | Cancer Research UK
(Cancer Research UK)
5. What are the Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer? | Cancer Research UK
(Cancer Research UK)
6. What is bowel cancer? | Cancer Research UK
(Cancer Research UK)


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